INDIA FACT SHEET
Name: Republic of India
Legal system: Based on English common law
Union Territories: 7
Natural resources of India: Coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, petroleum.
Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transport equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes, animal husbandry, tourism
Rupees (One Rupee = 100 paise).
Latitudes: 8° 4’ and 37° 6’ north
Longitudes: 68° 7’ and 97° 25’ east
Time zone: GMT/UTC +5.5
Topography: Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in South India – Western Ghats. Rolling plain along the Ganges. Deserts in western region of India. Himalayas in northern region – separate India from China and Nepal. Where the Himalayas end the Great Northern Plains roll-on for endless miles. It is drained by a number of rivers, – main one – the Ganges also/ Brahmaputra/ Indus (Sindh)/ Krishna. In the west the plains of the Punjab merge into the Thar Desert.
Official: Hindi and English
In total: 17 major languages, 844 dialects
As a general guide the following applies; Best times – October – March, July to September are the shoulder months
Exception: Himalayas when April – November are best
India has a general hot tropical climate with regional variations.
April – June is really hot and dry so loose lightweight cotton/ linen clothing is ideal
In the monsoon – June to September an umbrella or a waterproof cover is essential.
Cooler times are November to mid –March – again lightweight clothing perhaps a jumper for evenings.
In the northern hills and mountains warm clothing appropriate to the time of year is essential.
Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism.
Usually six months multiple entry tourist visas are issued.
Check with the Indian Embassy for latest updates.
Note – All foreigners must complete disembarkation/ embarkation cards on arrival and departure.
All tourists must be covered by adequate travel insurance.
India has an excellent medical care in the main cities and towns. Comparable (if not better in some cases) than Europe. However off the beaten track and in a few of the remoter- yet popular- destinations medical care is sparse. The majority of hotels have access to a doctor.
Check with Doctor for latest updates and vaccination needs. It is advisable to take mosquito repellant. It is recommended that you use bottled water for consumption. Street Hawker food is tempting but be sure of hygiene. The watchword is common sense.
Dialing code: 00 91
Mobile phones: Generally good reception.
240V, 50Hz. Advisable to take an international adaptor
Weights & measures: Metric.
Busy street life in Delhi, India
Religion permeates every facet of Indian life. Rural life still revolves around 4000 years of history, yet India is far from being myopic or insular. Silicon City of Bangalore, vibrant Film Industries of Chennai and Mumbai. Call centers for Europe in Delhi. Modern India is fast paced and outward looking. Younger city types might not be as religiously orientated as their rural counterparts, even so, family values and ties are strong and deference is usually given to time honored traditions.
Indian Art is eclectic – traditional religious themes used to dominate, but now modern expression has given rise to a fast growing market.
Food is phenomenal – you can get any style of food you require – Hotels cater for varied international cuisine and offer local specialties – look out for Mughlai. Regional variations depend upon the religion to a certain extent.
Cinema – wonderful tear jerking love stories, mad comic capers and tough death defying heroes dominate Indian cinema.
Example of Carriers Used:
Airlines International: British Airways, Emirates, Gulf Airways, Kuwait, Lufthansa, KLM, Virgin Atlantic, Air France
Airlines Internal: Jet Airways, Sahara, Indian Airlines
Helicopter Transfer: Deccan Air.
Children during the hindu festival holi (colours)